Main Article Content
This quasi-experimental study aimed to examine the effects of promoting life review on self-esteem among cancer patients receiving palliative care. Purposive sampling was applied to recruit 34 cancer patients who had received service at a cancer hospital. Seventeen of them were assigned to the control group and received usual care, and 17 were in the experimental group and received the promoting life review intervention. The promoting life review intervention consists of 3 steps: 1) building relationships and reviewing current life experiences; 2) reviewing past life experiences; and 3) summarizing the results of life review. Self-esteem was evaluated using Rosenberg’s self-esteem scale (Thai version), with an alpha coefficient of 0.81. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, the Mann-Whitney U test, and Wilcoxon matched pair’s signed-ranks test.
The results revealed that the experimental group, who received the promoting life review intervention, had statistically significantly higher self-esteem than the control group, who received usual care (p < .001). After receiving the promoting life review intervention, the experimental group had statistically significantly higher self-esteem than before receiving the intervention (p < .001). The results of this study supported that utilizing the promoting life review program can enhance the self-esteem of cancer patients receiving palliative care. Additionally, the primary nursing model is an appropriate system for the delivery of this program. The registered nurse, who led this intervention, should be trained with the expert in this field.
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