Selected Factors Related to Perceived Stigma Patients with Amphetamine Dependence

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Sineenut Nunsoongnern
Branom Rodcumdee
Sunisa Suktrakul

Abstract

            The purposes of this descriptive correlation research were 1) to study the perceived stigma of patients with amphetamine dependence, and 2) to study the correlation between perceived stigma internal and external factors. Internal factors included gender, age, education, marital status, self-efficacy, depression and social support need. External factors included treatment systems in patients with amphetamine dependence. The samples were 242 men and women who met the inclusion criteria at Princess Mother National Institute on Drug Abuse Treatment Pathum Thani. The instruments in the research were personal questionnaire, general perceived self-efficacy scale, The beck depression inventory, need of social support scale and the perceived stigma of substance abuse scale. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics including Chi-square, Contingency coefficient and Pearson’s product moment correlation.
            The research finding found that:
            1. Approximately 50% of the patients with amphetamine dependence have high levels of perceived stigma.
            2. Sex, age, education level, marital status and treatment systems were not significantly correlated to perceived stigma in patients with amphetamine dependence at the .05 levels.
            3. A significant negative correlation was represented between self-efficacy and perceived stigma in patients with amphetamine dependence at the .05 level (r = -.228). A significant positive correlation was found between social support need and perceived stigma in patients with amphetamine dependence at the .05 level (r = .220) and a significant positive correlation existed between depression and perceived stigma in patients with amphetamine dependence at the .05 level (r = .140)

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