The Effect of Motivation Interviewing for Craving Control Program on Alcohol Consumption in Schizophrenia and Alcohol Use Patients

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Arunrat Khamsorntha
Yupin Aungsuroch
Sunisa Suktrakul

Abstract

          This study is a quasi-experimental nonequivalent group design. The objectives of the study were to compare alcohol consumption in schizophrenia and alcohol used patients before and after received motivation interviewing for craving control program and alcohol consumption in schizophrenia and alcohol used patients between patients who received motivation interviewing for craving control program and those who received regular care. The sample consisted of 40 persons attended patients with schizophrenia and alcohol used at Somdet Chaopraya Institute of Psychiatric. They were matched pairs with scores on Alcohol Use Identification Test (AUDIT) then randomly assigned to the experimental and control group divided to experimental group 20 persons and control group 20 persons. The experimental group received motivation interviewing for craving control program and control group received regular care. The study in struments composed of 1) motivational interviewing combined with telephone for craving control program and 2) The Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale (OCDS). The 1st and 2nd instruments were verified for content validity by 5 professional experts. The reliability of the 2nd instruments was reported by Cronbach’s alpha coefficient as of 0.88. Data collection tools include Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) and reliability of the instruments was reported by Cronbach’s alpha coefficient as of 0.71. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and t-test, at .05 level.


            Major findings were as follows:


  1. Alcohol consumption in schizophrenia and alcohol used patients who received motivation interviewing for craving control program was significantly lower than that before at p. 05.

  2. Alcohol consumption in schizophrenia and alcohol used patients who received motivation interviewing for craving control program was significantly lower than those who received the regular care at p. 05.

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Section
Research Article

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