The Effect of Mindful Self-Compassion Training Program on Depression in Persons with Depressive Disorder

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Jindamas C-Maharsujchakuen
Penpaktr Uthis

Abstract

           This research is a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest control group design. The objectives were to compare: 1) depressive symptoms of patients with depressive disorder before and after received mindful self-compassion training program, and 2) depressive symptoms of patients with depressive disorder who received mindful self-compassion training program and those who received regular nursing care. The samples of 40 adult patients with depressive disorder, who met the inclusion criteria, were receiving services in out-patients department, Bang Bua Thong Hospital. They were matched-pairs by sex and severity of depression and then randomly assigned to either the experimental or control groups, 20 subjects in each group. The experimental group received the mindful self-compassion training program, while the control group received the regular nursing care. Research instruments comprised of: 1) the experimental tool is mindful self-compassion training program, 2) data collection tools including demographic data form and Beck Depression Inventory Scale (BDI), and 3) the experimental monitoring tool is Ruminative Response Scale. The content validity of all instruments had verified by 5 professional experts. The Beck Depression Inventory Scale (BDI), and the Ruminative Response Scale had Cronbach's alpha reliability as of 0.87 and 0.84, respectively. Descriptive statistics and t-test were used in data analysis.
            The conclusions of this research were as follows:
            1) the depression score of persons with depressive disorder after received the mindful self-compassion training program was significantly lower than that before at the .05 level.
            2) the depression score of persons with depressive disorder after received the mindful self-compassion training program was significantly lower than those who received regular nursing care at the .05 level.

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