School Nurses’ Role in Promoting Health Literacy toward Childhood Obesity Prevention
Keywords:School nurse role, Health literacy, Obesity, School age
Overweight or obesity among school-aged children is a public health problem in the world and Thailand in nowadays. It directly affects the incidence of chronic physical illness and mental health of students. Solving problems require proactive remedial action by encouraging school-aged children to have healthy behaviors, reduce the risk factors of being overweight or obese by enhancing the ability to take care of self, known as health literacy. School nurses have a significant role in engaging the students to have health literacy in order to access and understand nutrition and physical activity information, make informed decisions, change healthy dietary and physical activity behaviors, and able to pass on and disseminate knowledge to others. This article aims to review the literature on the concept of health literacy and role of school nurses in promoting health literacy in nutrition and physical activity to prevent overweight or obese school-aged children. It will be used as a practical guideline for the development of the health literacy school under the strategy of health promoting school for Thai children with the good knowledge and having a process of change within oneself. Subsequently, they able to modify their health behaviors for good health to reduce the risk of illness and grow up into adults and older people with good quality of life.
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