Nursing Care of Mothers with Postpartum Depression: A Case Study
Keywords:postpartum mother, postpartum depression, nursing
This article aims to present knowledge about postpartum depression and the nursing care of postpartum mothers with depression by reviewing the related literature and exploring experiences of nursing postpartum mothers. Postpartum depression is a mood disorder that is most commonly seen between 4-6 weeks after giving birth, and may occur as early as the 2-3 days after giving birth. The incidence varies with the duration, the postpartum evaluation period, the assessment tools and criteria employed, the characteristics of the samples, the participants’ circumstances, and the place of assessment. The rates of postpartum depression range from 5.2 to 37.3 percent. Postpartum depression affects the lifestyle and quality of life of postpartum mothers and newborns and they are more likely to get sick and get treatment than normal mothers and newborns. Additionally, the mother’s relationships with their newborns and family are negatively affected and there is an increase in the associated burden of care. The factors associated with postpartum depression include maternal, infant, social, environmental, and family factors. The most significant care needs for mothers with postpartum depression are receiving appropriate psychological and psychosocial care combined with the usual postpartum physical care. The primary goals of caring for postpartum mothers with depression are bases on case studies were family bonding, family acceptance, and adaptation to maternal role are the desired outcomes.
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