The Relationship Between Health Literacy and Quality of Life among Public Health Students in Higher Education Institutions in Northern Thailand
This descriptive research aimed to study 1) the health literacy and quality of life (QoL) among public health students at higher education institutions in northern Thailand and 2) the relationship between selected factors and their quality of life. The sample was 99 undergraduate students in the Faculty of Public Health community. The following three self-administered questionnaires were used to collect the data: 1) a general information form, 2) the health literacy questionnaire (Cronbach's alpha 0.96), and 3) the quality of life questionnaire (Cronbach's alpha 0.84). Descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression statistics were used to describe and analyze the data.
The results showed that, overall, more than half of the participants had moderate average scores for health literacy (57.57%) and good average scores for QoL (63.64%). Several relationships between the selected factors and the participants’ QoL were uncovered. Although female students were 1.84 times more likely to have a better QoL than male students, the difference was statistically insignificant (p-value < 0.429). Binary logistic regression showed that there were 3 predictive factors related to the participants’ QoL: having adequate funds, access to health information and services, and confidence in their evaluation of healthcare information and services. Students who had sufficient funds also had very good levels of health knowledge and access to healthcare information, as well as good levels of being able to evaluate healthcare information and services were 5.15 times, 3.22 times and 5.18 times, respectively, more likely to have a better QoL than other students. The results of this study show that awareness of these factors that promote QoL should be promoted among students and school administrators to find ways to support students living suitably, having good health, and continuing to have a good quality of life.
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