Development of a participation model for prevention among alcohol drinking and smoking older adults in the community
The action research aimed to study a participation model for prevention among alcohol drinking and smoking's older adults in the community. The action research had 2 cycles. The first cycle examined situation analysis with 627 people. Cycle 2, to develop a participation model for prevention among alcohol drinking and smoking older adults with purposive sampling used 57 participants. The study was collecting data between April 2020 to January 2021. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and qualitative data were analyzed using thematic analysis.
The findings, situation analysis found that older adults 117 people alcoholic beverages or smoked. There were 116 males, and they Lacked participation in problem-solving. Cycle2, developing a prevention model of alcohol and smoking prevention for the elderly in the community having three stages of prevention were; 1) prevention of alcohol consumption and smoking in all age groups, 2) prevention of disease or health effects for older people who drink alcohol and smoke, and 3) prevention of deterioration or disability in the elderly. The satisfaction of 20 elderly people who smoked alcohol and 20 elderly caregivers after using the alcohol and smoking prevention model for the elderly was found to have a mean average of 4.75 (S.D.=1.20).
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