Mental Health Status and Factors related on Mental Health Status of the Older Adults Living Alone in Mueang District, Khon Kaen Province

  • sarinrut Juntapim Khon Kaen University
  • Ampornpun Theranut Faculty of Nursing, Khon Kaen University
Keywords: mental health status, older adults living alone, urban community


This descriptive research aimed to examine mental health status and factors related to mental health conditions among the elderly in urban communities. The study sample consisted of elderly people aged 60 years and over living alone in Muang district. Khon Kaen Province, 400 people selected according to the specified qualifications Data was collected between August and December 2020. The tools used for data collection consisted of general questionnaire. problem management questionnaire Family relationship assessment form Social Support Assessment and the short 15-item mental health index test for the elderly had an alpha coefficient. Cronbach were 0.92, 0.94, 0.93 and 0.97, respectively, data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and Pearson's correlation coefficient statistics.

The results showed that most of the sample group, 57.75 percent, had a score of mental health status below the norm. (Mental Health Score = 42.03, SD = 4.26) Gender factor Education level, income, health status, coping patterns were positively correlated with mental health status of the elderly alone (r= .16, r=.15, r=.13, r=.12, r. =.35, p < .05 respectively) Social support and family relationships were positively correlated with mental health status of the elderly alone at moderate level (r=.43 ,r=.57, p <.05, respectively).

Government agencies and other relevant organizations should be designed to assist in the provision of welfare and social support for the older adults living alone.


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