The Study of Risk Factors Associated with Stroke in Hypertensive Patients, Chaiyaphuam Hospital

  • Pornphattra Sanloa Faculty of Nursing, Chaiyaphum Ratchaphat University
  • Sainat Polchaiyo Chaiyaphuam Hospital
  • Benjar Sanitjink Chaiyaphuam Hospital
  • Tondsaporn Pindkeaw Chaiyaphuam Hospital
  • Darunee Parakuand Chaiyaphuam Hospital
Keywords: stroke, hypertension, risk factors

Abstract

This analytical research matched case-control study aimed study of risk factors associated with stroke in
hypertensive patients, Chaiyaphuam Hospital. The sample group consisted of patients with hypertension who had registered for treatment at Chaiyaphuam hospital. The patients were divided into two groups: a case group consisting of 30 patients with hypertension and stroke at stroke unit, and a compare group consisting of 60 hypertension patients at hypertention clinic during October to December 2020. The data was collected by interview and analyzed using both descriptive and analytic statistics. Conditional logistic regression was used to investigate the relationship between factors with Chi-Square test, Fisher’s exact test and Independent t-test The study showed statistical significance for certain personality and health factors relating to the development of stroke in patients with hypertension (p <0.05), including excess, marital status; occupation and body mass index. The study showed non- statistical significance; sex, age, level of education, disease with hypertension, the duration of having hypertension, genetic disorders, having a smoking habit, and having a drinking habit. Health literacy factors showed statistical significance for certain factors relating to the development of stroke in patients with hypertension (p <0.05), including perception and health care behaviors; (p<0.001 and p<0.01). The decision of health behaviors showed non-statistical significance The study showed risk factors associated with stroke in hypertensive patients with marital status; occupation and body mass index. Health literacy factors showed perception and health care behaviors. Then hypertensive patients should attend more health literacy on perception and health care behaviors for stroke prevention. Especially to controlling the body mass index.

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Published
2021-03-31