Factors Related to The Perceived Maternal Self-efficacy among Unwanted Adolescent Pregnancy
This correlational descriptive study aimed to study factors related to the perceived maternal
self-efficacy among unwanted pregnant adolescent including stress, self-esteem, social support and marital
relationship. The samples were 131 unwanted pregnant adolescents who meet the inclusion criteria and used service at Antenatal Care Clinic (ANC) in the hospitals, Mahasarakham Province. Data were collected from August 2016 to July 2017 by using questionnaires. Data were analyzed by using Pearson’s correlation coefficient. The results showed that the relationship between self-esteem and maternal perceived self-efficacy had statistically significant low degree of positive correlation (r = 0.178, p < .05). The relationship between social support, marital relationship and maternal perceived self-efficacy had statistically significant moderate and high degree of positive correlation (r = 0.435, r = 0.602, p < .01 respectively). Moreover, the relationship between stress and marital relationship had statistically significant low degree of negative correlation (r=-0.210, p < .05). The finding from this study can be suggested that the nurse should encourage unwanted pregnant adolescents to enter the process of adjustment themselves to become mothers faster at the beginning of pregnancy by assessing the stress, marital relationship, readiness for motherhood and promote family support, marital relationship, reduce stress and encourage self-esteem for unwanted pregnant adolescents.
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