The Effectiveness of Self - and Family Management of Patients with Type II Diabetes and Hypertension in Community Health Center
Diabetes and hypertension are considered the top risk factors for death in the world. Therefore, prevention
of complications, especially behavior modification is important. The Individual and Family Self-management
Theory (IFSMT) promotes continuous behavior and corrects the wrong behaviors helping patients to control
themselves to be able to live with the illnesses happily. This research was randomized controlled trial with the purpose to study the effectiveness of self-and family management of patients with diabetes and hypertension in Community Health Center, Yasothon Province. The samples consisted of patients with diabetes and hypertension. They were randomly divided into experimental group and control group: 56 people per each group. The experimental group received knowledge about nutrition and were determined with the food that should be eaten on a daily basis, rational drug use, especially the use of herbal medicines and exercised at least 4 times a week. Home visits based on self-tailoring individual need were also provided. The caregivers and families were empowered. The control group received standard care from Community Health Center. Data were collected from October 2018 to September 2019. Clinical outcomes, including blood pressure levels. Cumulative mean sugar, BMI and waist circumference self-management behaviors and quality of life assessment were assessed. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and independent t-test. The experimental group and control group had no significant differences in personal characteristics (p <.05). Most of the samples were female. Graduated from elementary school Agriculture career is poor and other non-communicable diseases. At the end of the study, the mean score of self-management behaviors and the quality of life the experimental group were higher than those of the control group with statistical significance (p <.05). The mean levels of blood pressure were 128.41 / 78.52 and 134.93 / 83.70 millimeters of mercury. The mean levels of Hemoglobin A1c were 7.36 and 8. The mean body mass index of the experimental group was lower than that of the control group with statistical significance (p <.05). However, the waist circumferences of the experimental group and the control group were not different. Self-and family management of patients with diabetes and hypertension led to better self-management behaviors, clinical outcomes and quality of life.
2. การวิจัยครั้งนี้ ผู้วิจัยทำการทดลองโดยใช้ระยะเวลา 12 เดือน และประเมินผลหลังการทดลองเสร็จสิ้นทันที ในการวิจัยครั้งต่อไป ควรเพิ่มระยะติดตามผล เพื่อประเมินความคงอยู่ของพฤติกรรมการจัดการตนเอง ผลลัพธ์ทางคลินิก และคุณภาพชีวิต
งานวิจัยครั้งนี้สำเร็จลุล่วงได้ ด้วยความอนุเคราะห์จากทุกฝ่ายที่เกี่ยวข้อง ผู้วิจัยขอขอบพระคุณโครงการป้องกันและชะลอโรคไตเรื้อรังในภาคตะวันออกเฉียงเหนือ(CKDNET) คณะแพทยศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยขอนแก่น ที่สนับสนุนสื่อการสอน ทีมสหสาขาวิชาชีพ และกลุ่มตัวอย่างที่ช่วยให้งานวิจัยสำเร็จลุล่วงตามวัตถุประสงค์
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