Main Article Content
This qualitative descriptive study was aimed to explore self-management and community-based support for self-management in people living with HIV. This study was performed at a university in the Northeast of Thailand. Purposive sampling was designed for two groups; 10 people living with HIV, and 10 supportive individuals or care givers. In-depth interviews and participatory observation during the interviews were used. Demographic data were analyzed by descriptive statistics. Content analysis was used for qualitative analysis.
had sex with men, who had been infected for 1-1 ½ years. Support individuals or care givers were close friends in the same class (50%) who gave 90% support for self-management for participants living with HIV. There were 4 kinds of support: 1) psychological support: giving assistance to participants living with HIV by checking in classes, turning in homework when they are absent due to medical appointments, and supporting health information as care givers during their stay in the university, 2) family support-both financial and general encouragement. Although families were not in the university, the participants living with HIV in the university kept communicating with family for encouragement to keep moving forward, 3) support from other friends who live with HIV: updating information online, learning from direct experiences from other HIV patients, receiving support through anonymous counselors, communicating online and 4) support from health care providers: providing self-management information in both the physical and mental areas and facilitating to access to the health service system.
In conclusion, self-management of participants living with HIV showed in 4 dimensions related to living in the university. Further research on community-based self-care for people living with HIV should be supported.