ผลของโปรแกรมการพัฒนาความรอบรู้ด้านสุขภาพร่วมกับแรงสนับสนุนทางสังคม ต่อพฤติกรรมการป้องกันการตั้งครรภ์ของวัยรุ่นตอนต้น The effects of health literacy and social support development program on pregnant prevention behaviors for early adolescent

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พีรพล ไชยชาติ
เกศินี สราญฤทธิชัย

Abstract

This quasi-experimental research aimed to investigate the effects of health literacy and social support development program on pregnancy prevention behaviors for early adolescents. The participants consisted of 96 male and female students aged between 10 -13 years old, which assigned randomly into two groups: experimental group of 48 students and a comparison group of 48 students. The experimental group received the health literacy and social support development program for 8 weeks. The training program was composed of playing games, brain storming, the 6 skills of health literacy training, how to prevent pregnancy, giving comments and suggestions on video, role play, presentation of adolescents’ own ideas for pregnancy prevention, self-study through information on applications and websites online, group discussion and knowledge evaluation.The primary outcome was pregnancy prevention behaviors of adolescents. Data were collected by using self-administer questionnaires. Percentage, mean, standard deviation, maximum and minimum were used for descriptive statistic, Paired T-Test was used for internal difference comparison, and Independent T-Test was used for between groups comparison, at 95% confident interval and at 0.05 level of significance.                    Results showed that after completion of the intervention, the experimental group had mean score of adolescent’s pregnancy prevention behaviors higher than that in the comparison group with statistical significant (Mean difference = 3.67; 95%CI: 1.56 to 5.78, p < 0.001   These findings suggest that nurses and personnel who are responsible for adolescent health should promote social support and health literacy among early adolescents focusing on skills about access to information, communication, media literacy, decision making, and self-management. Consequently, adolescent’s pregnancy prevention behaviors would be appropriated.

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