Main Article Content
Osteoarthritis is the most common cause of disability in adults. The prevalence of osteoarthritis is found in middle age people aged 40 years and increases with age. This quasi-experimental research aimed to study effects of self-management support programs on knee osteoarthritis protection behaviors and the quality of life among middle-aged women in Ubon Ratchathani province. The sample was divided by simple random sampling into experimental and control groups of 56 people each. The experimental group received 6-month self-management support program consist with 1) Training on knowledge of osteoarthritis. 2) Demonstration of food for strengthening of bone and joints. 3) Demonstration of exercise training to prevent knee osteoarthritis. 4) Home environment to prevent osteoarthritis. Control groups have regular care activities. Data were collected by using behavioral interview for prevention of knee osteoarthritis and the quality of life questionnaires with a reliability of 0.84 and 0.86 respectively. The personal data was analyzed by descriptive statistics and Chi-Square test, and hypotheses were test using Independent t- test and paired t- test.
The research found that experimental groups participating in self-management support programs. The mean score of knee osteoarthritis protection behaviors and overall quality of life higher than the control group and before the experiment was statistically significant. (p value <0.05)
Conclusions that self-management support programs have made middle-aged women to Knee osteoarthritis protection behaviors and better quality of life. Recommendations the implementation of self-management support programs should be consistent with the context and lifestyle of the community.