Main Article Content
This quasi-experimental research aimed to investigate the effect of family centered care program for preschool critically ill children on maternal stress. The participants for this study were 30 mothers of pre-school children. A systematic random sampling was used to assign mothers into two groups. There were 15 mothers in the comparison group which receiving routine nursing care. In contrast, other 15 mothers were in experimental group which receiving family centered care program.
There were two groups of research instruments: 1) intervention tool including family centered care program for preschool critical ill children and 2) research measurements including the maternal and preschool critical ill children record form and the maternal stress assessment form that the researcher modified based on the Parental Stress Scale: Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PSS: PICU). Content validity for the maternal stress assessment was 0.95 and Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.86. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, Chi-square, paired t-test, and independent t-test to response the research questions.
1) In experimental group, stress mean score in mothers of preschool critical ill children after attending the family centered care program was significantly lower than before attending intervention (p < 0.05).
2) In between groups, stress mean score in mothers of preschool critical ill children in experimental group after attending the family centered care program was significantly lower than those in the control group (p < 0.05).
The results of this study indicated that family centered care program for preschool critically ill children can be used to reduce maternal stress and promote effective care for preschool pediatric critical ill children.