Knowledge of Thai Farmers as an Applicant for Cannabis Cultivation

Main Article Content

Korapin Na Ranong
Wipa Tengapichat

Abstract

Background: The Narcotics Act (No.7) B.E.2562 of Thailand states that cannabis can be used for medical purposes, patient treatment, and research. Thai farmers in community enterprise and agricultural cooperative group are a qualified group that apply for the permission of cannabis cultivation.


Objectives: To study the farmers’ knowledge as an applicant for legal cannabis cultivation and problems or recommendations to be an applicant for cannabis cultivation.


Methods: A self-administered questionnaire consisted of 15 questions that about the knowledge of being an applicant for legal cannabis cultivation. A convenient sampling was distributed to 231 participants who attended the cannabis cultivation training on 29-30 January 2020. They were a group of independent farmers and a farmer group of community enterprises and agricultural cooperatives. Of those, 151 returned the questionnaire and accounted for response rate by 65.37%.


Results: The results demonstrate that most of respondents were male 68.21%, having a Bachelor's degree 45.03%, working in a community enterprise 84.77, and holding the chairman position of a community enterprise or an agricultural cooperative 43.36%. According to knowledge evaluation, only 29.80% of respondents who answered correctly greater than 50% of total scores ( 8 from 15 questions). The questions those respondents answered incorrectly were: cannabis was allowed for only medical uses 98.68%, details on the labels to show as the place was allowed to cultivate the narcotic drug in category 5 90.73%, should arrange a random analysis of cannabis products 86.09%, and analysis of contaminants 85.43%. The limitations and obstacles to be an applicant for cannabis cultivation were the unfavorable law and the permission requirements which were too detailed.


Conclusions: Both independent Thai farmers and the Thai farmer group of community enterprise and agricultural cooperative had incorrect legal knowledge in applying for the cannabis cultivation permission. A guideline of permission process should be developed for farmers to apply for the cannabis cultivation. Thus, farmers will have knowledgeable and able to comply with the law correctly.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Na Ranong K, Tengapichat W. Knowledge of Thai Farmers as an Applicant for Cannabis Cultivation. TFDJ [Internet]. 2021 Feb. 24 [cited 2024 Apr. 21];28(1):10-21. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/fdajournal/article/view/247814
Section
Research Article
Author Biography

Korapin Na Ranong, Narcotics Control Division, Food and Drug Administration, Nonthaburi, Thailand

Narcotics Control Division, Food and Drug Administration, Nonthaburi, Thailand