The Model Development of Reduction and Elimination of Pesticide Use of Ban Dangmo Farmers, Dangmo Sub-district, Khueangnai District, Ubon Rachathani Province

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Nathamol Pupuak

Abstract

This action research aims to 1) study on the problem of pesticide use among Ban Dangmo farmers, Dangmo sub-district,Khueangnai district, Ubon Ratchathani province 2) develop a  model  of reduction and elimination of pesticide use among  farmers 3)evaluate the model development of the reduction and elimination of pesticide use of farmers. A total of 55 participants participated in the research.The study was conducted from August 2016 to February 2017. The research tools were interview  and group discussions. Data were analyzed using percentage, mean, standard deviation, content analysis and paired t-test. Results: 1) With regard to problems of pesticide use among farmers were found that use of pesticides had an impact on aquatic animals / animals were as follows: pesticide  when animals were dead animals made crabs were  not rare when the cattle  ate  in large quantities may be dead.2) The model development of reduction and elimination of pesticide use of  farmers. There were four stages of the model development: planning stage, implementation stage,  observation stage and reflection stage. 3) Evaluation of the model development of the reduction and elimination of pesticide use among farmers showed that there was no statistically significant difference in   knowledge mean scores on pesticide use before  and  after participation in the project(p-value>0.05),while the  mean scores of behavior and attitude toward pesticide use before and after the project were  statistically different (p-value <0.05).Pertaining to the blood  samples analysis  showed that before the implementation of the project,58.2 percent of samples had cholinesterase levels in the blood at risk and unsafe levels. After the project, 24.2 percent of samples had cholinesterase levels in the blood at risk and unsafe levels.Therefore, the government should encourage farmers who use pesticides to reduce and eliminate the use of pesticides.

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รายงานการวิจัย