Noninvasive Breast Carcinoma Detected on Screening as Sonographic Focally Thick Duct: A Case Report with Histological Correlation
Keywords:DCIS, ductal carcinoma in situ, focally thick duct, ductal changes, breast, sonography, ultrasound, fine needle aspiration, FNA
Most non-invasive breast carcinoma or ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) of the breast is detected by imaging on screening. It is usually viewed as fine, linear, and pleomorphic mi cro-calcification in mammography. The sonographic feature of DCIS is not established in the BI-RADS synopsis. The authors report a case of DCIS that was operated due to a focally thick duct with two branching on ultrasound images and malignant cells revealed in aspiration bi opsy cytology.The abnormality was noted in the upper outer quadrant of her left breast. She was 64 years old at the onset. Left mastectomy was done, and histopathology proved that the focally thick duct image was DCIS of high grade. The patient had an uneventful consequence and doing well until present at the time of report for more than four years. The taken messages are as follows. Non-invasive breast carcinoma could manifest primarily as focally thick duct lesions by sonography. When aspiration biopsy cytology found malignant cells from a thickened duct lesion, DCIS entered the differential diagnosis. By correlation between ultra sound imag-ing and histology, a branching duct in imaging is an array of several non-invasive duct struc-tures placed in fibrous band-like tissue, not a single neoplastic duct with the length wise lumen and thick wall. Finally, breast ultrasonography is necessary for breast cancer screenings, mainly to visualize ductal features, since mammograms and other modalities cannot demonstrate the morphology of thickened ducts.
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