The Comparison of Hearing Impairment between the Subjects with Type-2 Diabetes and the Subjects without Diabetes, working in Phramongkutklao hospital.

Authors

  • Rinlaphat Thiemsuwan Department of Family Medicine, Phramongkutklao Hospital
  • Sudatip Sirichana Department of Family Medicine, Phramongkutklao Hospital
  • Patsri Srisuwan Department of Family Medicine, Phramongkutklao Hospital
  • Supatcha Kengpanich Department of Family Medicine, Phramongkutklao Hospital

Keywords:

Prevalence, Screening, Hearing impairment, Type-2 Diabetes

Abstract

Objective: To determine the prevalence of hearing impairment using screening tests by Weber/Rinne test, Five Minute Hearing test (FMHT) and Calibrated Finger-Rubbing Auditory Screening Test (CALFRAST) comparing between the subjects with type-2 diabetes and the subjects without diabetes and to examine the risk factors of hearing impairment among subjects with type-2 diabetes.

          Design: Cross-sectional study.

          Materials and Methods: Data comes from 372 participants, aged 18-60 years, with diagnosed or undiagnosed diabetes who are working in Phramongkutklao hospital and have had general examination from December, 2019 to January, 2020. We define hearing impairment as the Weber/Rinne tunning fork test is positive and compared with the other tests and identified risk factors of hearing impairment among subjects with type-2 diabetes.

          Results: The result shows that the prevalence of hearing impairment in diabetes group compared with non-diabetes group by using Weber/Rinne test is 18.7% and 6% (p-value<0.001). The risk factors of hearing impairment among subject with type-2 diabetes are age (Adjusted OR=1.310, P=0.004, 95%CI=1.088-1.577), male sex (Adjusted OR=7.033, P=0.045, 95%CI=1.043-47.432) and time diagnosis diabetes above 6 years (Adjusted OR=9.119, P=0.032, 95%CI=1.202-69.162).

          Conclusions: Hearing impairment should be considered as one of the complications of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes patients should be evaluate for hearing impairment at first time when diagnosis diabetes mellitus and follow-up is necessary in order to early detection and prompt management.

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References

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Published

2020-09-09

How to Cite

1.
Thiemsuwan ร, Sirichana ส, Srisuwan พ, Kengpanich ส. The Comparison of Hearing Impairment between the Subjects with Type-2 Diabetes and the Subjects without Diabetes, working in Phramongkutklao hospital. JPMAT [Internet]. 2020 Sep. 9 [cited 2022 Jan. 21];10(2):213-27. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/JPMAT/article/view/244951

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Section

Research Article