Effects of Physical Activity Promotion Program in Elderly People with Hypertension: A Case Study of the KaeNok Temple Community Health Center, Bangasor Sub-district, Muang District, Nonthaburi Province

ผลของโปรแกรมการส่งเสริมกิจกรรมทางกายในผู้สูงอายุโรคความดันโลหิตสูง กรณีศึกษา: ศูนย์สุขภาพชุมชนวัดแคนอกตำบลบางกระสอ อำเภอเมือง จังหวัดนนทบุรี

  • ธีรนุช ชละเอม Pranangklao Hospital
Keywords: Physical Activity, Self-efficacy Perception, Expectation of Result, Elderly People, Hypertension

Abstract

This quasi-experimental research is to study the effectiveness of physical activity promotion program in elderly people with hypertension by applying the perception of a self-efficacy theory to promote physical activity in elderly people with hypertension. By using purposive sampling technique and two-group Pre-Post test, the research contains two sample groups; namely, a treated group, containing thirty elderly people with hypertension who are in the care of the service of the Kae Nok Temple Community Health center, Bangasor Sub-district, Muang District, Nonthaburi Province, and a control group, containing thirty elderly people with hypertension who are in the care of Bang khen sub-district health promoting hospital, Muang District, Nonthaburi Province. The duration of this program is eight weeks. The data were collected by interview method and pre-post general health assessment; then, be analyzed by statistic method such as percentage, average value and comparison of average values by Pair Sample t-test and Independent Sample t-test.

The research has found that after participation in this program the treated group gain various statistical significance improvements; physical activity knowledge, perception of self-efficacy in physical activity, expectation in result of physical activity and improvement of the level of physical activity in elderly people. The comparison between the treated group and the control group has shown that the treated group gains better results in various statistical significance aspects such as knowledge in physical activity, higher perception of self-efficacy in physical activity knowledge. Furthermore, in the treated group, an average systolic pressure was reduced from 146.60 mmHg to 138.97 mmHg and an average diastolic pressure was reduced from 81.77 mmHg to 80.27 mmHg meaning that this program is effective in improving the perception of self-efficacy in physical activity and effectively reducing blood pressure. It is, therefore, recommended to promote elderly people to have enough and suitable physical activity and, therefore, the health service center is also able to apply this health study program to suit its circumstance

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1. United Nations. World Population Prospects, the 2012 Revision. New York: United Nations, 2012.
2. Foundation of Thai Gerontology Research and Development Institute. Bangkok: Amarin Printing and Publishing, 2016. (in Thai)
3. Foundation of Thai Gerontology Research and Development Institute. Annual Report: Situation of the Thai Elderly, 2010. Bangkok: TQP, 2012. (in Thai)
4. Suwannaruji, D. Burden of Population Aging on Disability and Mortality from Non-communication Diseases: Challenge for Human Development in Developing Countries. Thai Population Journal, 2010; 1(2): 91-110. (in Thai)
5. Aekplakorn, W. Thai National Health Examination Survey V, Year 2014. Nonthaburi: Health System Research Institute, 2014. (in Thai)
6. Department of Health. Report of National Health Examination in Thailand, the Implementation of Health Promotion Programs for Elderly and Disabled Population in Thailand 2013. Nonthaburi: Watcharin P.P. Printing, 2013. (in Thai)
7. World Health Organization (WHO). Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2009.
8. National Statistical Office. Physical Activity Survey, 2015. Bangkok: National Statistical Office, 2016. (in Thai)


9. Jitpetch, N. Factors Relating to Physical Activities of the Elderly in Phutthamonthon District, Nakhon Pathom Province. Thesis of Master Degree of Science (Health Education), Major in Health Education, Department of Physical Education. Bangkok: Kasetsart University, 2012. (in Thai)
10. Poolsawat, W. Physical Activity of the Older Adults in Bangkok. Thesis of Master Degree of Science (Public Health), Major in Public Health Nursing. Bangkok: Faculty of Graduate Studies, Mahidol University, 2007. (in Thai)
11. Leethong-in, M. A Causal Model of Physical Activity in Healthy Older Thai People. Thesis of Doctoral Degree of Philosophy in Nursing Science, Major in Nursing Science (International Program), Faculty of Nursing. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University, 2009. (in Thai)
12. Bandura, A. Self-efficacy: The Exercise of Control. 7thed. New York: W.H. Freeman, 1997.
13. Polit, D.F. & Hungler, B.P. Nursing Research: Principles and Methods. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Company, 1999.
14. Kitpreedaborisut, B. Research, Measurement, and Evaluation. 2nded. Bangkok: Sri Anant Printing, 1990. (in Thai)
15. Aekplakorn, W. Health Behavior: Physical Activity. Thai National Health Examination Survey, NHES V, 2014. Nonthaburi: Aksorn Graphic and Design Publication limited Partnership, 2014. (in Thai)
16. Chaisongkram, S. The Effects of a Health Promotion Program in Elderly Club Members, Amphur Muang, Nonthaburi Province. Thesis of Master Degree of Science (Public Health), Major in Health Education and Behavioral Sciences. Bangkok: Faculty of Graduate Studies, Mahidol University, 2002. (in Thai)
17. Phonsalee, R. Self-efficacy Theory with Social Support to Promote Exercise Behavior among Elderly Patients with Hypertension in Rai-Khing Mettapracharak, Nakornpathom Province, Thailand. Thesis of Master Degree of Science (Public Health), Major in Health Education and Behavioral Sciences. Bangkok: Faculty of Graduate Studies, Mahidol University, 2010. (in Thai)
Published
2019-01-11
Section
Research Articles; บทความวิจัย