Effects of Physical Activity Promotion Program in Elderly People with Hypertension: A Case Study of the KaeNok Temple Community Health Center, Bangasor Sub-district, Muang District, Nonthaburi Province
ผลของโปรแกรมการส่งเสริมกิจกรรมทางกายในผู้สูงอายุโรคความดันโลหิตสูง กรณีศึกษา: ศูนย์สุขภาพชุมชนวัดแคนอกตำบลบางกระสอ อำเภอเมือง จังหวัดนนทบุรี
This quasi-experimental research is to study the effectiveness of physical activity promotion program in elderly people with hypertension by applying the perception of a self-efficacy theory to promote physical activity in elderly people with hypertension. By using purposive sampling technique and two-group Pre-Post test, the research contains two sample groups; namely, a treated group, containing thirty elderly people with hypertension who are in the care of the service of the Kae Nok Temple Community Health center, Bangasor Sub-district, Muang District, Nonthaburi Province, and a control group, containing thirty elderly people with hypertension who are in the care of Bang khen sub-district health promoting hospital, Muang District, Nonthaburi Province. The duration of this program is eight weeks. The data were collected by interview method and pre-post general health assessment; then, be analyzed by statistic method such as percentage, average value and comparison of average values by Pair Sample t-test and Independent Sample t-test.
The research has found that after participation in this program the treated group gain various statistical significance improvements; physical activity knowledge, perception of self-efficacy in physical activity, expectation in result of physical activity and improvement of the level of physical activity in elderly people. The comparison between the treated group and the control group has shown that the treated group gains better results in various statistical significance aspects such as knowledge in physical activity, higher perception of self-efficacy in physical activity knowledge. Furthermore, in the treated group, an average systolic pressure was reduced from 146.60 mmHg to 138.97 mmHg and an average diastolic pressure was reduced from 81.77 mmHg to 80.27 mmHg meaning that this program is effective in improving the perception of self-efficacy in physical activity and effectively reducing blood pressure. It is, therefore, recommended to promote elderly people to have enough and suitable physical activity and, therefore, the health service center is also able to apply this health study program to suit its circumstance
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