Effect of Family Planning Self-Efficacy Promotion Program on Pregnancy Repeated Prevention Behavior among Adolescent Mothers in Banpong hospital, Ratchaburi province.

ผลของโปรแกรมการส่งเสริมสมรรถนะแห่งตนเกี่ยวกับการวางแผนครอบครัวต่อ พฤติกรรมการป้องกันการตั้งครรภ์ซ้ำของมารดาวัยรุ่นโรงพยาบาลบ้านโป่ง จังหวัดราชบุรี

  • กนกทอง จาตุรงคโชค Banpong Hospital, Ratchaburi Province.
  • วิรดา อรรถเมธากุล Boromarajonnani College of Nursing, Ratchaburi.
Keywords: Self-efficacy, Family Planning, Repeat pregnancy, repeated pregnancy prevention behavior, Adolescent mothers


This two groups, pre-post tested, quasi-experimental research aimed to examine the effect of family planning self-efficacy promotion program on behaviors of recurrent pregnancy prevention in adolescent mothers.  Samples were 60 adolescent mothers at age 14-19 years old, admitted at labor room at Banpong Hospital.  The mothers were equally assigned into a control group and an experimental group, 30 each. The control group received regular nursing care while the experimental group received the family planning self-efficacy program.  This program consisted of 4 steps: 1) verbal persuasion, 2) modeling, 3) enactive mastery, and 4) physiological and affective states.  Data were collected by two instruments: the family planning self-efficacy perception and the pregnancy repeated prevention behavior questionnaire. Both instruments were validity tested by 5 experts, their content validity Index were .94 and .83 respectively. Reliability tested by Cronbach,s Alpha Coefficients were .94 and .83. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (t-tests).

       Result showed at follows. 

       1 Overall mean score of the family planning self-efficacy perception and the pregnancy repeated prevention behavior in the experimental group were statistically significant higher than those mean score of before receiving the program (perception p < .01, before Mean = 71.40, S.D. = 10.29, after Mean = 83.73 S.D. = 9.99), (behavior p < .01, before Mean = 53.80, S.D. = 10.64, after Mean = 62.86, S.D. =  7.75). 

  1. 2. Overall mean score of the family planning self-efficacy perception and the pregnancy repeated prevention behavior of adolescent mothers in the experimental group was statistically significant higher than those in the control group (perception p < .01, control Mean = 73.60, S.D. = 12.40, experiment Mean = 83.73 S.D. = 9.99), (behavior p < .05, control Mean = 62.86, S.D. = 7.75, experiment Mean = 62.86, S.D. =  75). This study suggested that the family planning self-efficacy promotion program could improve adolescent mother self-efficacy perception and pregnancy repeated prevention behavior


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