Factors Influencing to Volunteering Behaviors of 1st Year Health Science Students

ปัจจัยที่มีอิทธิพลต่อพฤติกรรมจิตอาสาของนิสิตชั้นปีที่ 1 สายวิทยาศาสตร์สุขภาพ

  • ผกาพรรณ บุญเต็ม Srinakarinwirot University
Keywords: Volunteer behavior, , health science, social cognition theory


This descriptive research has an aim to study volunteering behaviors of 1st years health science students. The sample group consisted of 1st year health science students from Faculty of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Pharmacy, Faculty of Dentistry, and Faculty of Physical Therapy.  Number of the samples was 245, selected by stratify random sampling. The tools used in this study composing of 1) Volunteer Behavior Measurement with reliability at 0.85, 2) Self-capability Perception Measurement with reliability  at 0.89, 3) Volunteer Attitude Test with reliability at 0.80, 4) Self-esteem Test with reliability at 0.90 5), Volunteering  Incentive Test with reliability at 0.88, 6) Volunteer Modeling Existence Test with reliability at 0.84, and 7) Social Support Measurement with reliability at 0.74. Data collection was conducted during October and November, 2017; and the data were analyzed with these statistical methods: frequency, mean, average, standard deviation, and Stepwise Multiple Correlation and Regression.

The result of this study showed that the overall level of volunteering behaviors was high and found psychosocial factors positively associated volunteering behaviors with statistical significance, by the factor highest associated with volunteering behaviors was self-capacity perception, while the psychosocial factors with predictability for volunteering behaviors consisted of self-capability perception, volunteering attitude and social support, they can explained totally 42% (Adjusted R2= 0.42, p <0.05)

Therefore, to implant volunteering values into hearts of health science students importantly should be through the enhancement of self-capability perception, volunteering attitude raising and social support provision that could arouse higher awareness and deliver much more volunteering behaviors.


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