The Development of Competencies of Caregivers in Caring Stroke Patients

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Arissara Sukwatjanee
Anchaleeporn Amatayakul

Abstract

Purpose: To study development of care competencies and experience of caregivers in
caring stroke patients
Design: Pre-experimental research
Methods: A sample comprised 38 stroke patients’ caregivers. The research instruments
used in the study included 1) a personal information form and 2) care competencies of
caregivers in caring stroke patient questionnaires. Knowledge and skills in caring stroke
patients were provided to the caregivers through an intensive training for four days prior
to patient discharge. Data of personal information and numbers of caregivers who have
ability in caring activities of their patients were analyzed with Descriptive Statistics. The
differences between the mean scores of caregivers’ competencies in caring stroke patients
before and after the training were analyzed by using paired samples t – test. In addition,
the interviewed data was analyzed by using content analysis method.
Findings: The results revealed that the mean score of caring competencies among caregivers
about food preparation for patients who have ability to eat, food preparation for patients
who have tube feeding, body cleansing, and caring of excretory system was significantly
higher than that before participating in the study. However, the mean score of caring
competencies among caregivers about body rehabilitation was significantly lower than
that before participating in the study, p<.05. Interviewed result showed knowledge gained
from practice with stroke patients increasing caring skills among caregivers.
Conclusion: Caregivers should be trained and evaluated the competencies in Caring
Stroke Patients before patients were discharged from hospital for care
effectively.

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