Health-related Quality of Life in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

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Wiraporn Theerawut
Rungrawee Naweecharoen


Purpose: To study the health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) in women with polycystic ovary
syndrome (PCOS).
Design: Descriptive research
Methods: Descriptive research was designed and conducted with 157 women with PCOS, aged
18-44 years, who received treatment at the out-patient departments of Gynecology at King
Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Siriraj Hospital and Rajavithi Hospital, and all of them were
selected by using multi-stage sampling technique. Data were collected using a personal
characteristic form and the HR-QOL questionnaire whose content validity was examined by
5 experts and their Cornbrash’s alpha coefficients was at .88. The data were analyzed later using
frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation.
Findings: The majority of women with PCOS had HR-QOL scored at a good level (Mean = 3.87,
SD = 0.52). Domains analysis showed the domain scores at an excellent level includes role
limitations due to physical problems (Mean = 4.38, SD = 0.69) and due to emotional problems
(Mean = 4.39, SD = 0.75). Meanwhile, the domain scores at a good level includes physical
functioning (Mean = 4.20, SD = 0.81), body pain (Mean = 3.90, SD = 0.76), social functioning (Mean
= 4.20, SD = 0.70) and general mental health (Mean = 3.53, SD = 0.69). The domain scores at a
moderate level were vitality (energy/fatigue) (Mean = 2.87, SD = 0.86) and general health
perceptions (Mean = 3.18, SD = 0.90).
Conclusion: Nurses should assess the health-related quality of life in women with PCOS in order
to enable themselves to efficiently plan for better improving the health-related quality of life of
this woman group along with treatment from other health team providers.


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