Lived Experiences of Sons Being Caregiver for Dependent Elderly Parents

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Angkana Srisuk
Jiraporn Kespichayawattana


Purpose: To describe the lived experiences of a son being the caregiver for dependent elderly
Design: The phenomenological research methodology was employed based on the concept of
Methods: The participants were sons with experience as the caregiver for dependent elderly in
Bangkok. Data were collected using interview guidelines with in-depth interview. Data were
analyzed by using Van Manen’s method and audio recording and until saturated data with the
12 informants.
Findings: The lived experiences of the son being caregiver for dependent elderly parents were
categorized into 5 main aspects: 1) Changes in life. It is a way of life-changing working style. There
are limits to social and personal time. 2) Caregiver must adjust the mind, and accept the role of
the caregiver. Be optimistic and eliminate bad moods. Understand and accept signs of disease.
3) Caring that can be provided by both men and women. Son caregivers can adjust as basic care
is not difficult and men are strong in physical support when taking care. The son does not do a
great job but is caring if taking care of both men and women. 4) Learn how to care. The first
phase is feeling not confident in the care, so the caregiver must learn to adjust the care plan,
and ask for help from other people. 5) Happiness and suffering of being a caretaker. Happiness
is to be happy and pride in providing care, expressing gratitude to parents and receiving praise.
The suffering from fatigue and stress caused by providing care and worrying about increased
Conclusion: This research. Taken as a basic to promote health care personnel to the son of
parents who care for dependent elderly patients to be confident and approach to care


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