Factors Predicting Sleep Quality of Secondary School Students in Bangkok, Thailand

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Rung Piboonworakulkij
Chuanrudee Kongsaktrakul
Sermsri Santati Santati


Purpose: To explore sleep quality and factors predicting sleep quality of secondary school
students in Bangkok, Thailand.
Design: Descriptive and predictive research
Methods: The samples consisted of 312 Mathayomsuksa 1-6 students who were studying at
schools under the supervision of the Secondary Educational Service Area Office, Bangkok. They
were selected by multi-stage sampling. The research instruments were the general information
questionnaire, the Suanprung Stress Test, the assessment form on adolescents’ sleep hygiene
practices, the questionnaire on electronic device using behavior, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality
Index. The data were analyzed by using frequency distribution, percentage, mean, and logistic
Findings: 46.20% of secondary school students had poor sleep quality. There were some factors
which could predict poor sleep quality of secondary school students with a statistical significance,
namely, age 18-19 years (ORadj = 3.16, 95 % CI = 1.50 – 6.69), having allergic rhinitis (ORadj =
1.82, 95 % CI = 1.06 – 3.15), severe stress (ORadj= 6.34, 95 % CI = 1.13 – 35.47), and sleep hygiene
practices (ORadj = 0.537, 95 % CI = 0.34–0.83).
Conclusion: Health team members, schools, and parents should enhance and put emphasis on
sleep quality of secondary school students by jointly planning to launch a program for promoting
good sleep quality of secondary school students.


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