Factors Related to Sexual Risk Behaviors of Adolescents with Visual Impairment

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Chakkkrich Pidjadee
Rutja Phuphaibul
Penchan Pradubmook Sherer


Purpose: The study aimed to examine the level of sexual risk behaviors and relationships between
predisposing factors, reinforcing factors, enabling factors and sexual risk behaviors of adolescents
with visual impairment.
Design: Descriptive correlational research.
Methods: The subjects were 99 adolescents with visual impairment who studied in 3 schools for
the students with visual impairment. Purposive sampling was used. Data were collected using
seven Braille’s questionnaires, including 1) demographic characteristics, 2) sexual knowledge,
3) sexual attitude, 4) self-esteem, 5) influence from friends, 6) sexual media accessibility and
7) sexual risk behaviors of adolescent with visual impairment. All questionnaires had content
validity. Their Cronbach’s alpha coefficients of the 2nd- 7th questionnaires were .74, .75, .71, .75,
.78 and .75, respectively. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson’s Product
Moment Correlation, Spearman’s Rank Correlation and Point Biserial Correlation.
Findings: The mean of sexual risk behaviors was low level X–
= 28.19, SD. = 5.43). Gender was
related to sexual risk behaviors (rpb = .277, p < .01). GPA and self-esteem were negatively related
while influence from friends and sexual media accessibility were positively related to sexual risk
behaviors (r = -.211, p < .05, r = -.268, p < .01, r = .411, p < .01, r = .257, p < .05, respectively).
Conclusions: Nurses should promote appropriate sexual behaviors of adolescents with visual
impairment by increasing self-esteem, refusal skills and appropriate internet accessibility skills.


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