ปัจจัยทํานายสุขภาวะของพยาบาลวิชาชีพ โรงพยาบาลมหาวิทยาลัยของรัฐ

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ปวิตรา ทองมา
สุวิณี วิวัฒน์วานิช

Abstract

Purpose: To explore predictive factors of well-being of registered nurses in university hospitals of the government
Research design: Predictive Correlational Study.
Methods: The participants were 361 professional nurses from five university hospitals of the government selected using a multistage random sampling. Four questionnaires were used to collect data, including personal characteristics, safety climate, job stress and well-being of registered nurses. Three parts of questionnaires, namely occupational safety climate, job stress and well-being of registered nurses were validated and had content validity index between .85 - .95. Also, the values for reliability with Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were .90, .82, and .92. Data were analyzed using Percentage, Mean, Standard deviation, Chi-square, Pearson’s product moment correlation and stepwise multiple regression.
Findings: The well-being of registered nurses in university hospitals of the government was at the good level (gif.latex?\bar{X} = 3.84, SD = 0.80). Age, income and occupational safety climate were significantly correlated with the well-being of these registered nurses in university hospitals (r = .18, .25, and .38, respectively, p < .05). There was a significant negative correlation between job stress and the well-being of the registered nurses (r = -.24, p < .05). Meanwhile, occupational safety climate, income, and job stress were significant predictors that could explain 21.3% of the variability of the well-being of registered nurses in university hospitals of the government (p < .05).
Conclusion: Nursing Administrators should encourage registered nurses to have the well-being in five aspects: physical, mental, social, emotional, and spiritual by promoting, occupational safety climate, reducing job stress and supporting registered nurses earning sufficient income.

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Research articles