Developing a Vaccination Model for Intramuscular Injection and Its Effect upon Performance Skills and Satisfaction of Third-year Nursing Students

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Pregamol Rutchanagul
Patcharaporn Kaewwimol


This research and development aimed to develop and study the effect of a vaccination model for intramuscular injection. There were two phases including: 1) model development and validation; and 2) model evaluation. Samples consisted of 97 third-year nursing students who were studying at Faculty of Nursing, Thammasat University and were divided into the experimental group (n = 46) and the control group (n = 51). The research instruments included a vaccination model for intramuscular injection, a performance skill evaluation form with reliability of .80, and a vaccination model quality evaluation form with reliability of .92. The implementation and data collection were conducted from January to August 2019. Data were analyzed using mean, standard deviation, and independent t-test.

The research results revealed that 1) a vaccination model for intramuscular injection was developed from silicone. It was designed to imitate the human structure of an entire infant’s body, skin color, texture, and body size. The developed model was found to facilitate vaccination practice; 2) after intervention, the experimental group had statistically significantly higher mean score of performance skill than that of the control group (t = 6.811, p < .001); and 3) the experimental group had the total mean score of satisfaction toward vaccination model quality at a very high level (M = 4.62, SD = .36).

This research suggests that nursing instructors should adopt this vaccination model for intramuscular injection as a media to promote preclinic vaccination practice achievement of students.


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Rutchanagul, P., & Kaewwimol, P. (2022). Developing a Vaccination Model for Intramuscular Injection and Its Effect upon Performance Skills and Satisfaction of Third-year Nursing Students. JOURNAL OF PHRAPOKKLAO NURSING COLLEGE, 33(2), 221–232. Retrieved from
Research Report (รายงานการวิจัย)


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