Prevalence and Related Factors to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder among Thai Nurses Exposed to the COVID-19 Pandemic
Keywords:Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, NURSES, THE PANDEMIC OF COVID-19, Social support, Resilience
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among Nurses Exposed to the COVID-19 Pandemic impacts on their well-being and quality of life. Therefore, it is of utmost importance. This study aims to determine the Prevalence and Related Factors to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder among Thai Nurses Exposed to the COVID-19 Pandemic. The research design is a Cross-sectional survey. The study sample was 288 Thai registered nurses who provided care for patients at risk of or infected with Covid-19 during January to May 2020. The Snowball Sampling technique was used to recruit study samples. Data were collected by online questionnaires using QR code format and analyzed by descriptive statistics such as percent, mean, standard deviation as well as inferential statistics as Chi-square, simple and multiple Logistic regression analysis.
The results shown that most of the study sample were female (93.8%) with an average age of 37.30 years old (S.D. = 9.68). The prevalence to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder among Thai Nurses Exposed to the COVID-19 Pandemic were 20.8%. The factors that associated with PTSD were the followings: 1) resilience: it was found that those who have low level of resilience were more likely to have PTSD (OR = 2.01, 95% CI = 1.08-3.74), 2) shift work: nurses who have shift work were 1.96 times at higher risk of developing PTSD (OR = 1.96, 95% CI = 1.05-3.69), 3) job stress: the high strain nurses were 2.6 times at risk of developing PTSD (OR = 2.59, 95%CI = 1.29-5.20), and 4) low social support was more likely to develop PTSD (OR = 3.15, 95% CI = 1.36-7.28). Analyzed by Multiple Logistic Regression Analysis. The factors that associated with PTSD were the followings: 1) job stress: the high strain nurses were 2.5 times at risk of developing PTSD (OR = 2.51, 95%CI = 1.21-5.19) and 2) low social support was more likely to develop PTSD (OR = 2.73, 95%CI = 1.14-6.57).
Suggestion was the relevant stakeholders can use the results from this study to provide mental health services such as resilience building clinic, stress management program, as well as facilitate and support safe working environment for nurses and medical personnel particularly when working in emergency medical situations in the future.
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