Effects of behavior modification program applying the Self-determination Theory on smoking cessation of village health volunteers (VHV)
Keywords:Behavior modification, Vllage health volunteer, Smoking cessation
Village health volunteers have to be a role model inhealth for people in community, however some village health volunteers were still addicted to smoking. This study aimed to examine the effects of behavior modification program applying self-determination theory on smoking cessation of village health volunteers. This study has included 44 participants (VHVs) selected by purposive sampling. Twenty-two VHVs were assigned to the experimental group and control group by matching. The experimental group received program including reflexology activities, mental health empowerment activities, deep breathing activity, and social activities for five days. The participants were then followed-up at one, three and six months. The control group received activities after the program completion. Effects of the program were assessed usingquestionnaires measuring the severity of nicotine dependence, exhaled carbon monoxide and the perceived self-efficacy to quit smoking. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test and Z-test.
The study showed that: 1) there were significant differences between the perceived self-efficacy to quit smoking, the level of nicotine dependence, exhaled carbon monoxide at pre- post intervention within the experimental group (p < 0.01, 0.01, and 0.01, respectively); 2) there were significant differences between the perceived self-efficacy to quit smoking, the level of nicotine dependence, exhaled carbon monoxide of the experimental and control groups (p < 0.01, 0. 01, and 0.01, respectively); and 3) the proportion of successful quiting of the experimental group was significantly higher when compared to the control group (p < 0. 01). Community nurses could apply the program to smokers in other communities.
Karnchanapimai S. News and Media Relations Mission Group Office of Information [Internet]. 2019 [Cited 2021 June 20]. Available from: https://pr.moph.go.th/?url=pr/detail
Pitayarangsarit S, Pankrajang P, Thailand tobacco consumption statistics report: Thailand's tobacco control situation. 2nd ed. Center for research and knowledge management for tobacco control Mahidol University. Bangkok: Charoendeekong Printing; 2018.
Notthaisong P. Statistical Office Revealing the results of the 2017 Smoking Behavior Survey Statistical Newsletter. National Statistical Office [Internet]. 2017 [Cited 2017 February 5]. Available from: http://www.nso.go.th/sites/2014/Pages/News/2561/N31-08-61-1.aspx2560
Osotpromma C. World Tobacco Day, Office of Disease Prevention and Control Region 12, Songkhla pointed out that addicted to cigarettes, infected with covids, high risk of death [Internet]. 2020 [Cited May 31, 2020 ]. Available from: https://ddc.moph.go.th/odpc12/news.php?news=13122&deptcode=
Phitayarangsarit S, Ea-monan P, Pankrachang P, Kumphakorn S. Thailand's tobacco control situation. 2nd ed. Bangkok; Charoendeekong Printing; 2012.
Hughes JR, Gulliver SB, Fenwick JW, Valliere WA, Cruser K, Pepper S, et al. Smoking cessation among self-quitters. Health Psychol 1992; 11(5): 331-4.
Hatthakit U, Thanoi W. Holistic Nursing and Complemenatary Therapy: An Integration of the Concepts Into Nursing Education. JTNMC 2012; 27(suppl): 5-17. (in Thai)
Srimoragot P, Sanamthong P, Chainun J, Hong-thong Y, Sawangdee P, Auckarawacharangkul O. Effectiveness of nurse managed tobacco cessation program in Thailand. TJN 2013; 62(1): 32-43. (in Thai)
Duangjina T. Nursing Care for Older Persons with Mild Cognitive Impairment: Application of the Self-Determination Theory. JTNMC 2022; 37(1): 5-18. (in Thai)
Sawongtui k, Kengkanpanich M, Triphaibul D, Kasot O, Sai-ngam C. Research report on the results of proactive smoking reduction and cessation activities with community participation in Lom Rad Subdistrict, Thoen District, Lampang Province. TJN 2015; 64(1): 22-8. (in Thai)
Watchaphum T, Chada P, Rak Pranee T. Factors affecting re-smoking of participants in smoking cessation program at Violet Hospital Karasin Province. rdhsj 2011; 4(3): 1-8. (in Thai)
Rankin-Box D. Complementary Therapies in Clinical, journal homepage: News Updates and Forthcoming Events Mri research sheds new light on reflexology Practice15 [Internet]. 2009 [Cited 2017 February 5]. Available from: www.elsevier.com/locate/ctnm,
Unal C, Welcome MO, Salako M, Abdullahi F, Abubakar NM, Pereverzev VA, et al. The effect of foot reflex therapy on the dynamics of cortical oscillatory waves in healthy humans: An EEG study. Complement Ther Med, 2018; 38: 42-7.
Deci EL, Ryan RM. Intrinsic Motivation and Self-Determination in Human Behavior. New York: Plenum Press; 1985.
Ryan RM, Deci EL. Self-regulation and the Problem of Human Autonomy: Does Psychology Need Choice, Self-Determination, and Will? J Pers 2006; 74(6): 1557-86.
Polit DF, Beck CT. Nursing research: Generating and assessing evidence for nursing practice. 8th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Aiamsaart N. The Effect of Motivation program on the drinking behavior among persons with alcohol Dependence [Master’s thesis, Nursing program]. Pathumthani : Thammasat University; 2015.
Suwan N, Kantawang S, Lirtmunlikaporn S. Concept Analysis of Spirituality. Rama Nurs J 2018; 24(1): 1-12. (in Thai)
Sessanna L, Finnell D, Jezewski MA. Spirituality in nursing and health-related literature: a concept analysis. J Holist Nurs 2007; 25(4): 252-62. (in Thai)
Suleewong S. Application of behavior change theory on smoking cessation among male students in secondary school [Master of Public Health Thesis Community Development]. Nakhon Ratchasima: Nakhon Ratchasima Rajabhat University; 2008:
Wattanasirichaigoon S. Health textbook on tobacco control for health professionals and students. Bangkok; 2007.
Bussaratid S, Siripaiboonki A. Study of smoking cessation rate at smoking cessation clinic, Siriraj hospital, Thailand. J Psychiatr Assoc Thailand 2012; 57(3): 305-12. (in Thai)
Pantaewan P, Prasittivatechakod A. Application of Transtheoretical Model and Smoking Behavior Modification. JRTAN: 2014; 15(1): 36-44. (in Thai)
Kengganpanich T, Kengganpanich M, Donumpornphisuth T, Prakhamsri N. Foot reflexology to help quit smoking and control high blood pressure and diabetes. Thai Health Promotion Foundation. 2017 (in Thai)
Malasin N, Prechawong S. Effect of tobacco cessation counseling combined with reflexology on smoking cessation behaviors of patients with chronic Illness. JOPN 2014; 6(1): 29-43. (in Thai)
Ketrat S, Petchprasit J. The effect of foot reflexology on smoking Smoking of cardiovascular disease risk groups. Academic Conference: Presenting experiences and Research on alternative medicine in health service systems; 2018.
Norman L, Cowan T. The Reflexology Handbook A Complete Guide. UK: Piatkus; 1988.
Phoprasit S, Janthasri J. Omparison of smoking cessationbetween the foot reflexology technique and usual providing health educations of the client in cessation clinic at Don Sai Health Promotion Amphoe Photharam Ratchaburi. In: Center for Research and Knowledge Management for Tobacco Control. 15th National Conference on Tobacco and Health; 27 July 2016; Miracle Grand Convention Hotel. Bangkok: Charoen Dee Stong Printing; 2016.p. 24-5.
Kahaolai S, Kengganpanich T, Donumpornphisuth T. Persistence of helping to quit smoking with foot reflexology at Ban Hin Si Sub-District Health Promoting Hospital, Yang Hak Sub-district, Pak Tho District, Ratchaburi Province. In: Center for Research and Knowledge Management for Tobacco Control. 15th National Conference on Tobacco and Health; 27 July 2016; Miracle Grand Convention Hotel. Bangkok: Charoen Dee Stong Printing; 2016.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Thai Public Health Nurses Association
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
บทความที่ตีพิมพ์และแผนภูมิรูปภาพถือเป็นลิขสิทธิ์ของวารสารพยาบาลสาธารณสุข (Thai Public Health Nurses Association)