The development of nurse-led smoking cessation model in the small enterprise
Keywords:Nurse-led smoking cessation model, Small enterprise
This participatory action research aimed to develop a nurse-led smoking cessation model in the small enterprise. Purposive sampling was used to recruit 23 participants. Data collection methods were in-depth interview, focus group discussion and knowledge sharing forum. Interview guideline and focus group guideline were reviewed by 3 experts for content validity. The data collection process consisted of 3 phases as the preparation phase, the action phase, and the evaluation phase. Content analysis was employed for data analysis. The results of preparation phase showed 13.87% of smokers. In action phase, 2 main activities were conducted, including organizational management by the establishment of smoke-free policy and setting up the smoking areas along with the individual management by motivation and supporting smoking cessation. In evaluation phasse, a project evaluation was done through a knowledge-sharing forum. Regarding the outcomes of the development, the smoke-free policy was developed, the number of smoking areas was decreased and workers were participated in convincing workers to quit smoking. The 24 workers participated in smoking cessation activities. Of this number, 29.17% were able to quit smoking after 6 months follow up. The nurse-led smoking cessation model in the small enterprise can promote the smoking cessation among employees which be used as a guideline in workplace-tobacco control.
National Statistical Office. Smoking and alcohol consumption of population 2017 [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2021 January 10]. Available from: http://www.nso.go.th/sites/2014
National Statistical Office. Health status of workforce in Thailand. Bangkok: National Statistical Office; 2018.
ASH Thailand. Smoke-free workplace manual [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2021 January 10]. Available from: http://resource.thaihealth.or.th/library/hot/13791
Kalampakorn S. Tobacco control in the workplace. In: Kalampakorn S, Rawiworrakul T, editors. Community health nurse and tobacco control in the workplace. Bangkok: Manus Film; 2006.
Ministerial regulation of welfare in the workplace 2005 [Internet]. 2005 [cited 2021 November 12]. Available from: https://www.ilo.org/dyn/natlex/docs/MONOGRAPH/96402/113908/F1602455625/THA96402%20Tha.pdf
Tobacco Control Research and Knowledge Management Center. Report of the situation of tobacco use in Thailand 2019. Bangkok: Sintaweekit Printing Co., Ltd.; 2020.
Department of Employment. The situation of the workforce in Samut Sakorn, September 2018 [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2021 January 10]. Available from: https://www.doe.go.thprd/assets/upload/files/lmi_ratchaburi_th/8cf870e5799add27ef8aaa2542471832.pdf
Papralit S, Kalampakorn S, Sillabutra J. The effects of brief cessation education program and telephone follow up in roofing products industry, Saraburi Province. TJN 2016; 65(1): 28-38. (in Thai)
Jantarapas U, Kalampakorn S, Rujiratanapong W, Jirapongsuwan A. Effectiveness of a workplace smoking cessation program in Nakhon Pathom Province. TJN 2021; 70(1): 21-7. (in Thai)
Kemmis S, McTaggart R. Participatory Action Research (3rd ed). Thousand Oaks: SAGE; 2005.
Vateesatokkit K. 5A Smoking cessation in daily work. Bangkok: ASH Thailand; 2009.
Graupp P, Steward S, Parsons. Creating an effective management system Integrating policy deployment, TWI, and Kata. New York: Productivity Press; 2020.
World Health Organization. Creating health promoting setting [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2021 February 10]. Available from: https://www.who.int/westernpacific/activities/creating-health-promoting-settings
Nurse Network on Tobacco Control of Thailand. Nursing guideline for workplace smoking cessation. Jirapongsuwan A, Kalampakorn S., Editor. Bangkok: Suetawan Printing; 2020.
Saengpetch Y. Effects of a nursing practice guideline for smoking cessation in care battery manufacturing, Samut Prakan Province. TJN 2021; 70(1): 1-10. (in Thai)
How to Cite
บทความที่ตีพิมพ์และแผนภูมิรูปภาพถือเป็นลิขสิทธิ์ของวารสารพยาบาลสาธารณสุข (Thai Public Health Nurses Association)