Effects of E-learning on Self-Care Ability in Patients After Coronary Artery Bypass Graft surgery
Keywords:E-learning, Self-care ability, Coronary artery bypass graft surgery
Lack of knowledge and self-care ability in patients after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery can affect cardiac rehabilitation and increased risk of developing complications. The purposes of this Quasi-experimental research were to study the effects of e-learning on knowledge and self-care ability in patients after surgery. The sample was composed of 99 patients who underwent CABG surgery for the first time and divided to 49 patients in the control group and 50 patients in the experimental group by convenience sampling. The experimental group received an e-learning program delivered by video media via Internet at the 5th post- operative day before discharge. The education program included the comprehensive post-operative knowledge and appropriately practice for enhancing recovery at home. Data were collected by using the knowledge questionnaires before and after intervention and self-care ability questionnaires after 1-month post-operative. Data were analyzed by mean, standard deviation, independent t-test to test the difference on knowledge and self- care ability between 2 groups, paired t-test for test of the difference between before and after e-learning in each group.
The results revealed that the after e-learning, the mean scores of knowledge and self-care ability at 1-month post-operative in experimental group were significantly higher than those of the control group (p < 0.001).
The findings suggested that the comprehensive education program using e-learning is benefit to enhance knowledge and self-care ability and should be delivered to CABG patients by health care team members. The program could be replicated or modified to implement in other hospitals for better cardiac rehabilitation and post-op complication reduction.
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บทความที่ตีพิมพ์และแผนภูมิรูปภาพถือเป็นลิขสิทธิ์ของวารสารพยาบาลสาธารณสุข (Thai Public Health Nurses Association)