The Effects of Knowledge and Skill Promotion Program on Accident Prevention Behaviors in Preschool Children
Accidents are a leading cause of injury and death among children worldwide. This quasi-experimental with two groups pre-posttest study aimed to assess the effects of knowledge and skill promotion program on accident prevention behavior among preschoolers. Study samples were 51 children aged 3-6 years old in Bangkok Child Development Centers and divided into experimental (n=24) and control group (n=27). The program applying the Health Belief Model (HBM) included providing knowledge and practicing accident prevention skill with the duration of 2 weeks. Data related to knowledge and behavior on traffic and fall accident was collected using interviewed questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and analytical statistics such as Chi-square test, Independent t-test, and Paired t-test.
The result revealed that after experiment, the experimental group had the mean score of knowledge and the mean scores of behaviors on traffic and fall accident higher than before the experiment and those in the comparison groups with a statistical significance (p-value <0.001 and < 0.05, respectively).
The findings support the effectiveness of the program that had impacted on knowledge and behaviors in preventing traffic and fall accidents in preschool children and should be further incorporated with regular teaching and learning curricular in other Child Development Centers.
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