The Effects of Knowledge and Skill Promotion Program on Accident Prevention Behaviors in Preschool Children

  • Nuntida Juntawong Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University
  • Plernpit Boonyamalik Department of Public Health Nursing, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University
  • Sunee Lagampan Department of Public Health Nursing, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University
Keywords: Preschool Children, Knowledge of Accident Prevention, Skills of Accident Prevention, Accident Prevention Behaviors

Abstract

             Accidents are a leading cause of injury and death among children worldwide. This quasi-experimental with two groups pre-posttest study aimed to assess the effects of knowledge and skill promotion program on accident prevention behavior among preschoolers. Study samples were 51 children aged 3-6 years old in Bangkok Child Development Centers and divided into experimental (n=24) and control group (n=27). The program applying the Health Belief Model (HBM) included providing knowledge and practicing accident prevention skill with the duration of 2 weeks. Data related to knowledge and behavior on traffic and fall accident was collected using interviewed questionnaire.  Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and analytical statistics such as Chi-square test, Independent t-test, and Paired t-test.

            The result revealed that after experiment, the experimental group had the mean score of knowledge and the mean scores of behaviors on traffic and fall accident higher than before the experiment and those in the comparison groups with a statistical significance (p-value <0.001 and < 0.05, respectively).

            The findings support the effectiveness of the program that had impacted on knowledge and behaviors in preventing traffic and fall accidents in preschool children and should be further incorporated with regular teaching and learning curricular in other Child Development Centers.

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Published
2021-04-30
How to Cite
Juntawong, N., Boonyamalik, P., & Lagampan, S. (2021). The Effects of Knowledge and Skill Promotion Program on Accident Prevention Behaviors in Preschool Children. Journal of Public Health Nursing, 35(1), 21-36. Retrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/phn/article/view/248729
Section
Research Articles