Health Behavior regarding Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus: A Case Study of the Legacy Community, Sananrak Municipality Office, Pathum Thani Province
Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus have increased at an alarming rate in Thailand and worldwide becoming major health problems. This survey research aimed to evaluate health behaviors related to Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus Management. Moreover, this project complies with global health promotion and empowering individuals. The sample was convenience sampling to recruit 78 people aged 15 years or older living in the Legacy Community, Pathum Thani Province, Thailand. Data were collected using a questionnaire assessing knowledge and health behavior. Completed questionnaires by consenting participants were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the Pearson correlation method. Results revealed that: 1) 50% of participants had normal BMI, 23.08% had normal blood pressure, but only 6.41% had normal fasting capillary blood glucose. 2) Participants’ average knowledge scores were low ( = 0.36, SD = 0.47) while average health behavior scores were intermediate ( = 2.81, SD = 1.03). 3) Knowledge was positively and significantly correlated with health behavior regarding Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus. (r = 0.925, p < 0.01). These results can be used to develop public health intervention strategies and programs to promote healthy lifestyles which prevent hypertension and diabetes among at-risk populations and also prevent complications among those already diagnosed.
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