The Effectiveness of the Elastic Band Innovation to Prevent Joint Stiffness in the Elderly
Lack of exercise in the elderly will result in decreased physical fitness in the elderly. The Quasi-experimental with one group pre-post test study to assess the effectiveness of and satisfaction with joint stiffness prevention in the elderly by using the elastic rubber band innovation. The sample consisted of 30 elderly in Ban Pong Sanook community, Nan Province, by purposive sampling. The research instruments were 1) Innovative elastic rubber band exercise to prevent joint stiffness in the elderly applying concepts of Orem's theory. 2) Questionnaire to assess the effectiveness of and satisfaction with joint protection. The elderly subjects attended a lecture and returned for a demonstration to assess self-care, integrated with the innovation. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and paired t-test. The results showed the quality assessment of the innovation at an acceptable level (S.D. = 0.56). Moreover, suitability for use as exercise equipment for the elderly, ease in learning to use, durable and modern design and behavioural adaptation leading to better health were very good (S.D.= 0.49, 0.57, 0.51 respectively). Satisfaction assessment was at a high level (27.6%). Effectiveness after using the innovation to prevent joint in terms of the ability to stretch without pain in the joints, shoulders, elbows, back, knees, as well as to lift arms and legs showed statistically significant results (p = .000). This integrated program with innovative elastic rubber bands is recommended in nursing practice as a means to provide caring prevention of joint pain to the elderly.
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