Factors Related to Hypertension among Taxi Drivers in Bangkok

Authors

  • Ratchanee Inma Nursing Science (Occupational Health Nursing) Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University
  • Ann Jirapongsuwan Department of Public Health Nursing, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University
  • Mathuros Tipayamongkholgul Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University
  • Surintorn Kalampakorn Department of Public Health Nursing, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University

Keywords:

hypertension, taxi drivers, work-related Illness

Abstract

Hypertension is a non-communicable chronic disease which is a major public health problem influencing individual health and daily life.This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the factors related to hypertension among taxi drivers who have long working hours and work under pressure in Bangkok. The sample consisted of 390 male taxi drivers selected by systematic random sampling. The data were collected by questionnaire and through measures of blood pressure, body weight, and body height. Descriptive statistics, odds ratio and logistic regression analysis were used for data analysis. Finding showed the prevalence of hypertension is 60.8 percent with 76.8 percent new cases and 23.2 percent old cases. Significant associations were found between hypertension and chronic disease, body mass index and shift work (p < 0.05). Results from Logistic regression analysis indicated that other chronic diseases (Adj OR=2.36, 95% CI: 1.07 - 5.22), body mass index over 25.5 kilograms per square meter (Adj OR=2.73, 95%CI: 1.57- 4.74) and day shift work (Adj OR=1.74, 95%CI: 1.01- 3.03) are related to hypertension. Results show that other chronic disease, body mass index and day shift work are related to hypertension. They are related to higher blood pressure. Findings suggest the need for disease surveillance, monitoring, and health promotion programs to prevent hypertensive complications among taxi drivers in Bangkok. Also, awareness that shift work can affect hypertension should be emphasized. Occupational health nurses should provide care and follow up for taxi drivers who have high blood pressure to prevent adverse health effects from complications.

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Published

2017-12-29

How to Cite

Inma, R., Jirapongsuwan, A., Tipayamongkholgul, M., & Kalampakorn, S. (2017). Factors Related to Hypertension among Taxi Drivers in Bangkok. Journal of Public Health Nursing, 31(3), 39–54. Retrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/phn/article/view/245477

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Section

Research Articles