The Relationship between Happiness and Perceptions of Empowerment with Intention to Stay Working as a Registered Nurse in a University Hospital


  • Krittaya Jaikhan Major in Public Health Administration, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University
  • Youwanuch Sattayasomboon Department of Public Health Administration, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University
  • Jutatip Sillabutra Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University
  • Bhusita Intaraprasong Department of Program in Health System Management, Faculty of Public Health, Valaya Alongkorn Rajabhat University


Intention to stay, Empowerment, Happiness, Registered Nurses


Maintaining the nursing workforce in hospitals is a challenge to human resource management. This cross-sectional explanatory study examined the association between happiness and perceived empowerment with the intention to remain working as a registered nurse in a university hospital. A sample of 301 registered nurses (90.39%) who had worked at least 6 months were selected by stratified random sampling method. Data were collected using a selfadministered questionnaire which was valid and reliable (α > 0.8 ). Descriptive statistics were used to explain the variables. Pearson product-moment correlation and multiple liner regression were used to identify associated factors and predictors. The results showed that the intention to stay a university hospital nurse was at a high level (Mean = 3.55). Happiness and perceived empowerment were positive, significant factors associated with intention to stay but at a low level (r = 0.323 and 0.289, p-value < 0.001), and they were predictors that jointly explained 12.20% of the variance in the intention to stay a university hospital nurse (Adjusted R2 = 0.122, p-value < 0.001) In summary, this study recommends that nursing administrators may wish to increase means to promote happiness and perceived empowerment in retaining nursing staff.


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How to Cite

Jaikhan, K., Sattayasomboon, Y., Sillabutra, J., & Intaraprasong, B. (2018). The Relationship between Happiness and Perceptions of Empowerment with Intention to Stay Working as a Registered Nurse in a University Hospital. Journal of Public Health Nursing, 32(2), 185–202. Retrieved from



Research Articles