Comparison of Petroleum-Based Skin-Protection Product and Zinc Oxide-Based Skin-Protection Product on Incidence and the Level of Severity of Early Incontinence Associated Dermatitis in Hepatic Encephalopathy Patients with Incontinence
Keywords:zinc oxide, petroleum, hepatic encephalopathy patients, dermatitis, incontinence
Hepatic encephalopathy patients with incontinence are at increased risk of incontinence associated dermatitis. This quasi experimental design was aimed to compare petroleum-based skin-protection product and zinc oxide-based skin-protection product on incidence and the level of severity of early incontinence associated dermatitis in hepatic encephalopathy patients with incontinence. Sample were 28 hospitalized hepatic encephalopathy patients with incontinence at medical unit, in a tertiary care hospital, Southern Thailand. Fourteen subjects were assigned to the comparison group receiving petroleum-based skin-protection product while other fourteen subjects were assigned to the experimental group receiving zinc oxide-based skin-protection product by simple random sampling. The patient demographic and clinical data form, Braden Scale, Incontinence Associated Dermatitis Intervention Tool were used to collect data. The content validity of all instruments was examined by three experts. The inter-rater reliability of Incontinence Associated Dermatitis Intervention Tool was tested yielding of 1. The hypotheses were examined by Chi-square and Mann-Whitney U-test. Results showed that it was found that the incidences and the level of severity of early incontinence associated dermatitis in a comparison group is significantly higher than in the experimental group (p <0.05 and p <0.001 respectively). It can be concluded that zinc oxide-based skin-protection product can reduce an incidence and level of severity of early incontinence associated dermatitis in hepatic encephalopathy patients with incontinence.
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