The Causal Model of Factors Affecting to Sexual Risk Prevention Behaviors of Female teenagers in Bangkok: A Mixed Method Approch

Authors

  • Araya Chiangkong Public Health and Urban Pathology Nursing Department, Kuakarun Faculty of Nursing, Navamindradhiraj University
  • Praleena Thongsri Public Health and Urban Pathology Nursing Department, Kuakarun Faculty of Nursing, Navamindradhiraj University
  • Chamaiporn Dhamavasi Department of Psychiatry, Kuakarun Faculty of Nursing, Navamindradhiraj University

Keywords:

sexual risk prevention behaviors, female teenagers

Abstract

This research employed explanatory sequential mixed method design, which had two phases. The first phase, this quantitative study was aimed to develop and validate a causal relationship model of factors related to sexual risk prevention behaviors of female teenagers in Bangkok. The sample consisted of 430 senior high school female students of the secondary educational service area office 1 and 2 Bangkok, which were chosen by stratified random sampling. The data analyzed was used path analysis. The second phase, this qualitative study was aimed to explain about factors related to sexual risk prevention behaviors of female teenagers in Bangkok. The key informant consisted of 15 senior high school female students with the highest score of sexual risk prevention behaviors from the phase 1. The data analyzed was used pattern matching. The finding suggested that a causal relationship model was fitted with the empirical data, which explain the fifty percentage of the variance of sexual risk prevention behaviors, and also found that the sexual risk prevention behaviors had positive direct effect from future orientation and self-control, sexual value, self-esteem, and authoritarian parenting style (0.34, 0.21, 0.15 and 0.15, respectively). Furthermore, the remaining variables in the model had negative direct effect from sexual media perception and peer influence (-0.17 and -0.07, respectively). Regarding qualitative study, it was explained that the offspring future had been socialized through child rearing, by cultivating on education for building the social status. The premature sexual relationship was obstructed the education advancement. The parents will be proud and accept own offspring who have well-established social status that also enhance self-esteem. This finding demonstrated that sexual risk prevention behaviors were determined by intrapersonal and interpersonal factors. Therefore, in health promotion and prevention activities, it should implement throughout every level; at both Intrapersonal factor and Interpersonal factor; for maintaining sustainability of health behavior change.

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Published

2018-08-30

How to Cite

Chiangkong, A., Thongsri, P., & Dhamavasi, C. (2018). The Causal Model of Factors Affecting to Sexual Risk Prevention Behaviors of Female teenagers in Bangkok: A Mixed Method Approch. Journal of Public Health Nursing, 32(2), 1–22. Retrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/phn/article/view/245415

Issue

Section

Research Articles