The Image of Professional Nurses Perceived by Nursing Students
The importance of having a positive image in the nursing profession was still lacking of evidence regarding nursing students whose educated in the theory and practice to provide good treatment and care and providing good service according to social expectations. This study is the descriptive research aimed to 1) explore image of professional nurses as perceived by nursing students, 2) compare the actual and the ideal images of professional nurses as perceived by nursing students according to year of studying, and 3) compare the actual and the ideal images of professional nurses as perceived by nursing students between different year. The sample comprised of 1st to 4th years of nursing students at Boromarajonani College of Nursing Bangkok enrolled in 2561 BE academic year. Sample size calculation using the Krejcie and Morgan table based on population of 589 yield the total sample size of 256 with 64 each year. The sample was randomly selected using the lottery method without replacement. The instruments for collecting data were the perception of the actual and ideal images of professional nurse questionnaires which the content validity was .94. and the scale reliabilities were 0.981 and 0.984, respectively. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistic, Paired t-test and One-way ANOVA. Results showed that the actual and ideal images of professional nurses perceived by overall nursing students were at very good level (x ̅=201.62, SD. = 20.33; (x ̅= 202.97, SD.= 21.20). The mean scores of actual and ideal images of professional nurses perceived by 1st to 4th year nursing students were at very good level. The actual and ideal images of professional nurses perceived by the 1st and 2nd year nursing students were not different. Whereas, the ideal image of professional nurses perceived by 3rd and 4th year nursing students was higher than the actual image. Comparison of perceived images of professional nurses among 1st to 4th year nursing students were not different both ideal and actual images. (F(3)=1.111, p=.345; F(3)=2.218, p=.086 respectively)
This study revealed that the perceptions on images of professional nurse of nursing students increased according to years spent in nursing college. Arrange activities to promote good perception of professional nurse images start from the beginning of program will enhance students to appreciate the value of nursing profession.
Kummanang R, Chaimongkol N, Rattanajarana S, Wongsuttitham S. Image of professional nurse as perceived by high-school students in the Eastern Region. The Journal of Faculty of Nursing Burapha University 2017;25(4):11-20. (in Thai)
Wongmontha S. Public relations: theory and practice. Bangkok: Diamond in business world; 1999. (in Thai)
Cohen S. The image of nursing: how do others see us how do we see ourselves. American Nurse Today 2007;2(5):25-6.
Yothabariban S. Organizational culture and performance achievement of Muang Nakhonpathom District Council, Nakhonpathom province, Academic Services Journal, Prince of Songkla University 2011; 22(2): 100-9. (in Thai)
The Royal Institute. Royal Institute Dictionary BE. Bangkok: Nanmeebooks Publications; 2011.
Suteethorn B. Strategic communication for communicating the corporate image Handout [internet]. 2013 [cited 2016 Jan 2]. Available from http://issuu.com2013.
Phuhoey M. The image of professional nurses perceived by community hospital professional nurse Uttaradit province. [Master degree’s thesis]. [Chiang Mai]: Chiang Mai University; 2007. (in Thai)
Chaichansuk P. CEO PR & Image, Tactics for creating executive image by managing communication and public relations Bangkok : Base network media; 2005. (in Thai)
Kotler P. Marketing management, 10th ed. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc; 2000.
Choya S. Professional self- image as perceived by professional nurses in hospitals under the jurisdiction of the medical services department, the ministry of public health, Bangkok metropolis [Master degree’s thesis]. [Bangkok]: Chulalongkorn University; 2008. (in Thai).
Phuphaibul R, Chinlumprasert N, Kedsumpun Y. Image of Thai Nurses in Newspapers between 2004 and 2015.Thai Journal of Nursing Council 2017; 32(1): 5-17. (in Thai)
Strasen L. The image of professional nursing: Strategies for action. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott: 1992.
Sirirut N, On-Sang W. Professional Nurse Image as Perceived by Nursing Students, Boromarajonani College of Nursing in Praboromarajchanok Institute, Ministry of Public Health. Journal of Health Science Research 2012; 6(2): 38-46. (in Thai)
Kraisai P, Promla W. Professional nurse image as perceived of nursing students Private University in Pathumthani Province. SSRU Graduate Studies Journal 2016; 2(2): 446-53. (in Thai)
Maigan N, Chaimongkol N, Wongsuttitham S. Image of professional nurse as perceived by senior nursing students. Royal Thai Navy Medical Journal 2016; 43(3): 57-73. (in Thai)
Charu T. Research and statistical analysis with 9th ed. Bangkok: Business R&D; 2008.
Ramon N, Wichaikhum O. Nursing professional image of themselves. Faculty of Nursing Chiang Mai University; 2006.
บทความที่ตีพิมพ์และแผนภูมิรูปภาพถือเป็นลิขสิทธิ์ของวารสารพยาบาลสาธารณสุข (Thai Public Health Nurses Association)