Symptom Experience and Symptom Management of Post Percutaneous Coronary Intervention among Patients with Coronary Artery Disease

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Wattikorn Munjit
Rapin Polsook

Abstract

            The objective of the descriptive comparative research was to explore symptom experience and symptom management of post percutaneous coronary intervention among patients with coronary artery disease. A total of 423 patients with coronary artery disease post percutaneous coronary intervention were selected from the cardiology outpatient department in tertiary public hospitals, Bangkok. Research instruments consisted of the Demographic data form, Symptom Experience questionnaires, and Symptom Management questionnaires. Their KR-20 and Cronbach’s alpha coefficients of symptom experience questionnaires in 4 dimensions; presence, frequency, severity and distress were 0.85, 0.85, 0.87 and 0.86, respectively, and the symptom management questionnaires in using effective dimension were 0.90 and 0.91, respectively. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Independent t-test, and one-way ANOVA. The findings were presented as follows:
            Symptom of post percutaneous coronary intervention was 52.7%. The most commonly reported symptom was fatigue (67.7%). Legs swelling was found to be the most frequent symptom ( ± SD = 3.13 ± 1.19), and poor appetite was found to be the most severe and distressing symptom ( ± SD = 3.05 ± .97, and 3.05 ± .97, respectively). Rest (sitting and lying down) can be best used for fatigue management (86.1%) ( ± SD = 4.05 ± 0.96). Gender was the only variable that significantly differ from the symptom experience at a p-value of .05 (t = 2.59, df = 100.49, p = .01)

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