การจัดการความเจ็บปวดในระยะที่ 1 ของการคลอด Pain management during the 1st stage of labor
Keywords:pain management, pain in the 1st stage of labor, non-pharmaceutical pain management
Pain management during the 1st stage of labor is an important factor that influences birth outcomes and maternal-infant attachment/bonding. This academic article presents pain during labor, factors effecting pain, theory of labor pain, and update on non-pharmaceutical pain management in the 1st stage of labor.
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