Effect of self-management program on oral mucositis and nutritional status in patients with head and neck cancer receiving radiation therapy
Keywords:self-management program, oral mucositis, nutritional status, radiation therapy
This quasi-experimental research was conducted to examine effect of self-management program on oral mucositis and nutritional status in patients with head and neck cancer receiving radiation therapy. A sample of 30 patients was randomly sampling without replacement into two groups. Fifteen patients for each group were assigned to experiment and comparison group. Research instruments consisted of a self-management program, an oral assessment guide and the nutritional assessment. Data were analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test and Relative Risk. The results revealed that experiment group had severity of oral mucositis score, severity of nutritional status score, body weight and body mass index differently from the comparison group with statistical significance. Proportion of mucositis level 3 and malnutrition status level 3 in the comparison group were more than the experiment group 1.75 times and 7 times respectively.
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