Relationships between Hypertension knowledge, Self-efficacy, Treatment beliefs and Self-management behaviors among uncontrolled hypertension patients in Da Nang city, Vietnam*
Keywords:uncontrolled hypertension, self-management behaviors, self-efficacy, hypertension knowledge, treatment beliefs, Vietnam
This descriptive research aimed to investigate level of self-management behaviors (SMBs) and its relationships with selected factors among patients with uncontrolled hypertension in Da Nang, Vietnam. A total of 85 eligible patients were surveyed using a demographic data questionnaire, the hypertension fact knowledge questionnaire (HFQ), the self-efficacy for managing chronic disease 6-item scale (SEMCD 6), the beliefs about medicines questionnaire (BMQ)-specific, and the hypertension self-management behavior questionnaire (HSMBQ). The reliability index of the HFQ, SEMCD 6, BMQ, HSMBQ were 0.95, 0.73, 0.93 and 0.73, respectively. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson’s correlation coefficient. The results revealed that self-management behaviors of participants were at moderate level (2.37± 0.54). Only 17.6 % of the participants had self-management behaviors at high level. A statistically significant correlation was found between SMBs, and hypertension knowledge (r=0.617, p<0.01) and self-efficacy (r=0.675, p<0.01). The results implied that in order to promote self-management behavior of patients, health care providers should place emphasis on improvement of knowledge and self-efficacy.
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