The relationships among illness perceptions, fear-avoidance beliefs and disability in patients with chronic low back pain in Da Nang, Viet Nam*
Keywords:disability, illness perceptions, fear-avoidance beliefs, chronic low back pain
This Cross-sectional study aimed to examine relationships of illness perceptions (IP), fear-avoidance beliefs (FAB), and disability in chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients in Da Nang, Vietnam. Sample included 85 patients with CLBP. Data were collected using a socio-demographic questionnaire, Modified Illness Perception Questionnaire-Revised, Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire, and Modified Oswestry Disability Questionnaire. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and Pearson’s correlation coefficient.
The results showed that the score for FABpa (physical activity) and FABw (work) were 69.4% and 37.3%, respectively. The patients perceived that CLBP was chronic condition and had great consequences. Severe disability to bed-bound was found in 62.3% of the participants. Furthermore, significant moderate positive correlation were found between disability and FAB total (r=0.488, p<0.01), perception of chronic condition (r=0.378, p<0.01); perception of consequences (r=0.495, p<0.01), emotional representations (r=0.418, p<0.01).
In conclusion, there are positive correlations among illness perceptions, fear-avoidance beliefs, and disability in patients with chronic low back. Nurses or health care providers should concern these variables while caring for these patients.
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