The Effects of a Resource-Enhancing Program Based on Pearlin’s Conception on The Depression of The Caregivers of Elderly with Dementia
Keywords:resource-enhancing program, Pearlin’s conception, depression, caregivers of elderly with dementia
This study used an experimental research design with a randomized controlled trial, divided into experimental and control groups, and measured results before and after the experimental. The purpose of the research aimed to examine the effects of a resource-enhancing program based on Pearlin’s conception on the depression of the caregivers of elderly with dementia. The participants of this research were 54 caregivers of elderly with dementia aged 20 years and over that met the inclusion criteria. The participants were randomly assigned to an experimental group (n = 27) and a control group (n = 27). The experimental group participated in the resource-enhancing program based on Pearlin’s conception,while the control group received regularnursing care.The research instrument consisted of the resource-enhancing program based on Pearlin’s conception and the center for epidemiologic studies depression scale.The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, dependent t-test, and independent t-test.
The results found thatthe mean scores for the depression of the experimental group (M = 12.07, SD = 3.18) were lower than the pretest scores (M=26.89, SD=4.90) at a statistical significance (t = 15.25, p<.05). The mean difference scores for the depression of the experimental group, between the pretest and posttest, participating in the resource-enhancing program based on Pearlin’s conception ( = -14.81, SD = 5.04) were different than those of the control group ( = 2, SD = 4.40) at a statistical significance (t = 14.65, p<.001). The findings suggest the benefit of the resource-enhancing program based on Pearlin’s conception in reducing the depression of the caregivers of elderly with dementia.
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