Factors Predicting Antibiotic Use Behavior among Village Health Volunteers


  • Pitsanee Wichantuk Faculty of Public Health, Nakhon Ratchasima Rajabhat University


Antibiotic use behavior, Factors predicting antibiotic use behavior, Village health volunteers


This predictive correlational research aimed to study the factors predicting antibiotic use behavior among village health volunteers. The samples consisted of 148 village health volunteers living in Talat subdistrict, Mueang Nakhon Ratchasima district, Nakhon Ratchasima province. The samples were selected by purposive sampling method. The research instruments were questionnaire which developed by researcher. The content validity and reliability of the knowledge questionnaire was analyzed by using KR-20 at 0.64. The attitude and antibiotic use behavior questionnaire were also analyzed by using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient at 0.77 and 0.81, respectively. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Chi-square test, Pearson’s product moment correlation coefficient and Stepwise multiple regression analysis.

The results revealed that 72.3% of samples had a good level on antibiotic use behavior. When each factor was considered, it was found that the two predisposing factors were statistically significantly associated and could predict antibiotic use behavior. The attitude (ß = 0.388, p < .001) and the knowledge toward antibiotic use (ß = 0.173, p < .05) were significantly positively correlated and could predict antibiotic use behavior at the level of 21% (R2 = 0.210, p < .001). The result of this study could be used as guideline to develop the antibiotic smart use behavior promoting program for village health volunteers and they could be able to convey the knowledge about rationales for using antibiotics to people in community.


Download data is not yet available.


Sumpradit N, Chongtrakul P, Anuwong K, Pumtong S, Kongsomboon K, Butdeemee P, et al. Antibiotics Smart Use: a workable model for promoting the rational use of medicines in Thailand. Bull World Health Organ. 2012; 90(12):905-913.

Brahma D, Marak M, Wahlang J. Rational use of drugs and irrational drug combinations. The Internet J. Pharmacol. 2012;10(1):1-5.

O’Neill J. Review on antimicrobial resistance. Antimicrobial resistance: Tackling a crisis for the health and wealth of nations. London: Wellcome trust; 2014.

National Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance CenterThailand (NARST), Ministry of Public Health. Situation of Antibiotic Resistance in Thailand. 2013. (In Thai).

Sumpradit N, Suttajit S, Poonplosup S, et al. Landscape of antimicrobialresistance situations and actions in Thailand. Bankok: Aksorn Graphic and Design Publishing House; 2015. (In Thai).

Nutchanart N, Petcharak S, Chaovalit S. A Competencies Development of the village Health Volunteers of Suphan Buri province. Journal of MCU Peace Studies. 2018;6(2): 768-79. (In Thai).

Sornrak M. Empowerment of Village Health Volunteers (VHV). Journal of Ubon Ratchathani university. 2010;12(2):39-48. (In Thai).

Green LW, Kreuter MW. Health Program Planning: An Educational And Ecological Approach. Mountain View, CA: Mayfeld publishing company; 1999.

Bloom BS. Hand book on formative and summative evaluation of student learning. New York: Graw-Hill Book Company; 1971.

Best JW. Research in education. 3rded. New Jersey: Prentice hall Inc; 1977.

Komwong D, Sangkhawat T. Factors Affecting Drug Use Behaviors of Village Health Volunteers. Thai Pharmaceutical and Health Science Journal. 2012;7(3):121-6. (in Thai).

Oumgerd P, Kummabutr J, Thongbai W. Factors Predicting Antibiotic use Behavior Among Healthcare Volunteers in Pathumthani Province, Thailand. Journal of the Royal Thai Army Nurses. 2019;20(1):101-9. (in Thai).

Seatung N, Kitreerawutiwong N. Factors influencing antibiotics use behavior in sore throat, clean wound, and acute diarrhea among Village Health Volunteers. Journal of the Royal Thai Army Nurses. 2018;19 Suppl:166-74. (in Thai).

Ua-Kit N, Pensri L. Utilization of the PRECEDE MODEL in Health Promotion. Thai Red Cross Nursing Journal. 2019;12(1):38-48. (in Thai).

Schwartz NE. Nutritional knowledge attitude and practices of high school. J AM Diet Assoc. 1975;66(1):28-31.

Roger EM, Storey JD. Communication campaign. InC. Berger and S. H. Chaffee (Eds.), Handbook of communication science. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications; 1987



How to Cite

Wichantuk ภ. Factors Predicting Antibiotic Use Behavior among Village Health Volunteers. J Royal Thai Army Nurses [Internet]. 2021 Apr. 25 [cited 2022 May 18];22(1):146-55. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/JRTAN/article/view/242135



Research Articles