Cultural Competency Development for Nurses at Samutsakhon Hospital


  • Piyachat Sujaritthum Faculty of Nursing Science, Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University
  • Pattaya Kaewsarn Faculty of Nursing Science, Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University
  • Pragai Jirojanakul Faculty of Nursing Science, Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University


Professional nurses, Cultural competency, Samutsakhon Hospital


The purpose of this research and development were: (1) to study the current situation regarding to cultural competency of professional nurses in Samutsakhon Hospital, (2) to develop a cultural competency development program for professional nurses, and (3) to evaluate the developed cultural competency development program. The participants were professional nurses in Samutsakhon Hospital divided into 2 groups. The first group was 210 nurses acquired by a Stratified Random Sampling to explore current situation. The second group was 41 of that 210 nurses whose involved in the program and did a test for the effectiveness of the program. Research tools consisted of 2 categories: 1) cultural competency development program and 2) cultural nurses competency questionnaires. Its content validity IOC was 0.85. The Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficients was 0.93. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and paired t-test.

The findings revealed that 5 cultural aspects: (1) Cultural awareness, (2) Cultural knowledge, (3) Cultural skills, (4) Cultural encounter, and (5) Cultural desire, among professional nurses in Samutsakhon Hospital were on a moderate level. In addition, those 41 participants had shown themselves with significantly higher level in 5 cultural aspects after completing the program. Those participants felt highly satisfaction with the program. In conclusion, this program could enhances cultural competency among those professional nurses in Samutsakhon Hospital for doing their nursing intervention to all multicultural clients appropriately and effectively.


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How to Cite

Sujaritthum ป, Kaewsarn พ, Jirojanakul ป. Cultural Competency Development for Nurses at Samutsakhon Hospital. J Royal Thai Army Nurses [Internet]. 2020 Apr. 26 [cited 2022 Aug. 9];21(1):113-24. Available from:



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